Education
Microwave  Terahertz Optics
Sources
 Klystron
 Magnetron
 Cavity Magnetron  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cavity_magnetron
 HyperPhysics Page  http://hyperphysics.phyastr.gsu.edu/hbase/waves/magnetron.html
 Gun Oscillator
 Molecular Gas Laser
 Free Electron Laser
 Photoconductive Mixer
 Photoconductive Switch (Auston switch)
 Electro optic
Detectors
 Bolometer
 Pyro electric
 Golay Cell
 Photoconductive Switch (Auston Switch)
 Electro Optic
Minimum Competence Project
To ensure students are adequately prepared to study University level physics and to ensure their passing of our classes indicates they have achieved a level of competence, we are examining the idea of minimum competence exams. Nationally such minimum competence standards in university physics do not yet exist. Why are minimum competence standards necessary? Because students, future instructors and future employers have a right to know that a grade on a transcript means something. This part of our web pages will be devoted to developing minimum competence expectations coming into a course and passing a course.

Minimum Mathematical Competence Expectations for Incoming Introductory Physics StudentsPHY107: Introductory Mechanics Our expectations are based on Regents diploma in New York State and Common Core. Skill Review Resources for Students https://www.ixl.com/math/geometry  Students are expected to have competence on all topics on this page. Test yourself with the “see recommended skills” link Regents Mathematics Exams http://www.nysedregents.org/regents_math.html  Common Core Learning Standards for Mathematics PHY108: Introductory Electro Magnetism Our expectations are based on PHY141: Introductory Calculus offered at University at Buffalo. This is a corequisite for PHY107, and therefore a prerequisite for PHY108. See a typical syllabus here. Skill Review Resources for Students: https://www.ixl.com/math/calculus
